Climate effects on skin happen year round. Whether it is cold and dry or hot and humid, climate can really affect the skin all over the body. Extremes in weather, can make existing skin conditions worse or cause new ones.
Climate effects on skin
How seasonal and weather changes affect your skin
Cold Winter Weather
Humidity levels tend to drop off in the Autum and Winter months. The drier the air, the less moisture in the skin. The fluctuation in temperature (cold outside, warm heated buildings inside) causes the capillaries to expand and contract which is very taxing on the skin.
- Dry air, both inside and out, can dehydrate the skin.
- In the cold winter months you will be more likely to dryness and flakiness.
- Dead skin cells accumulate on the surface and act like armour preventing your products from penetrating and preventing your makeup from applying smoothly.
- Wrinkles are more prominent in cold/dry weather.
- Skin conditions such as eczema can flare up in dry, cold weather.
- Sudden temperature changes (cold outdoors and heated buildings indoors), takes a toll on the skin. This causes the capillaries in the face to contract and expand rapidly leading to broken veins, capillaries, leading to redness on the skin.
- Cold weather slows down and prevents secretion of sebum (oil). Reducing the shine on the skin and acne.
- Cold weather promotes blood circulation, in both the face and body. Improved circulation can help reduce inflammation and swelling to the eyes and face.
- Winter means goodbye to all the bad air quality and high ozone levels…cleaner air.
- A slightly cooler room, in the winter, contributes to a good sleep. A full night sleep is necessary for skin health.
- The heated air inside our homes in the winter causes low humidity, which leads to water evaporating from our skin. A humidifier can help the air moisture in your home. You can also place bowls of water on or near a radiators.
- Drink a lot of water.
- Keep covered up with gloves and scarf to protect the skin from the harsh cold winter conditions.
- Keep your skin hydrated with heavier creams. A thick, rich cream will act as a barrier to the harsh, cold winter conditions.
- Use products with anti-inflammatory and anti-irritant ingredients such as chamomile and green tea.
- Exfoliate regularly. The winter is a great time for skin peels such as Glycolic Peels or Lactic Peels. These skin peels do make your skin sensitive to sunlight so the winter is a great time for skin peels.
- Avoid long hot baths and showers which can cause redness and dehydration. Always moisturise the skin after a shower/bath.
Hot Summer Weather
Increased heat and humidity can lead to skin problems. Among the increased ricks are breakouts, oily shiny skin and heat rashes. The hot summer weather brings with it higher rates of pollution and more exposure to the sun.
- The higher temperatures of the hot summer will increase oil production in the skin.
- Increased heat and humidity can cause your skin to sweat, leaving you prone breakouts, especially if your skin is oily.
- The heat of the summer can cause a heat rash. This occurs when the sweat ducts get closed off, and traps moisture under the skin. The heat rash can look like blisters or bumps on the skin.
- The summer brings increased exposure to the harmful rays of the sun. Sun exposure can cause skin cancer, dark spots and a loss of elasticity which causes wrinkles.
- The air conditioning in our homes removes humidity from the air, which can result in dehydrated skin.
- During the hot summer months use a light moisturiser or serum.
- Anytime there is daylight you must have You are still at risk of sun exposure on a cloudy, rainy or snowy day. Sun can reflect off sand, water and snow. Always apply and reapply sunscreen throughout the day.
High Rates Of Pollution
Studies link high rates of pollution to the development of wrinkles and brown spots due to free radical damage. You can develop signs of aging from environmental factors. Protect your face with a broad-spectrum sunscreen and a daily anti-oxidant supplement.
Weather Shifts Wreak Havoc
It’s a good habit to change your skin care products when the weather changes. Try changing your skin care products when you change your clocks for Daylight Saving Time.
I hope you found this article on how climate effects on skin valuable. If you have any questions about skin treatments or if you would like to schedule a skin consultation, I invite you to contact our Montreal Medispa clinic. It will be our pleasure to answer your questions.