I often get asked about what is involved in a facial treatment. In this Part 2 of our special series on Facials, I will answer these questions.
I also invite you to read the Part 1 of this series related to the 10 frequently asked questions and answers about Facials.
Here are the most important facial treatment steps and procedures
The first time you have a facial you should be instructed to complete some paper work. After you have done this once, you will not have to do it again for subsequent facials. There should be basic questions such as; medications you are taking, products being used on the skin, recent procedures on the face (injections, surgery, laser hair removal, waxing etc.), concerns you are having with your skin.
2. Preparing for the facial
The aesthetician will bring you to the cabin/room where you will have your facial. She will leave you alone in the room to undress and to put the wrap on. After you have the wrap on, you will get under the covers of the facial bed. When the aesthetician returns she will put a headband on you.
3. The aesthetician will review your file
Once you are settled in the bed the aesthetician will discuss your file with you. She may ask you questions about the product you are using at home, get more information on any health issues or medications etc. And she will determine what, if any, concerns or issues you are having with your skin.
4. Skin Analysis/Evaluation
This is a very important step in your facial. It is during the skin assessment that the aesthetician will really see your skin through a loop (a lit magnifying glass). She will see, where the skin is oily or dehydrated, she will see where the blackheads and whiteheads are, she will see redness on the skin, the little veins on the skin. And it is during this skin analysis that she will determine your skin type and design the facial and products used based on her findings.
It is during the skin assessment that she will determine whether steam will be used, if there will be a massage or not, what her goal will be for the facial (to purify a blemish prone skin, firm an aging skin, hydrate a dehydrated skin etc.).
5. Cleanse and Tone the skin
Your skin will be cleansed with a facial cleanser that has been chosen for your skin type. The cleansing will begin to gently remove any makeup, oil or general buildup on the skin. The skin is gently patted dry and a toner is applied. The toner will remove any makeup the cleanser did not remove and begin to balance the pH of the skin.
The exfoliant will:
- gently remove a buildup of dead skin
- remove any barriers covering a pore/blackhead
- make the skin more permeable (allow product to penetrate)
- dissolve blackheads
There are many different ways to exfoliate the skin but in a facial it will be a product that is a cream, gommage, or enzyme for example. Depending on the line of product being used the exfoliant may be left on the skin for a few minutes, some exfoliants are used with steam or hot moist towels. Some exfoliants are rubbed off, some are wiped off, depending on the product line being used in the facial.
- Softens the surface of your skin
- Draws out buildup
- Softens blackheads and whiteheads so they can be gently removed from the skin
- Encourages the skin to sweat out and remove impurities, bacteria, dirt caught in the pores
- Promotes and boosts healthy circulation, blood flow – The blood feeds and oxygenates the skin. Good circulation is key to a healthy complexion.
- Increases the skins permeability, supports the absorption of moisture from the skin care products
- Increases perspiration on the skin which helps to eliminate toxins
This is the process by which the aesthetician will remove blackheads, whiteheads, pustules etc. from the skin. Some aestheticians will use a stainless steel instrument while others will wrap their fingers to gently remove the impurities.
After the extractions have been performed the skin is clear from impurities, blackheads and pustules.
The massage is probably the most enjoyable part of the facial. As well as being very relaxing it also:
- Increases circulation
- Stimulates lymph nodes and therefore reduces swelling
- Relaxes tight facial muscles and therefore prevents the formation of wrinkles
- Relaxes the shoulders and neck
The mask will be the final step of the facial. The type of mask will depend on the skin type you have. So if your skin is oily, a clay mask may be applied. If the skin was aging, it may be a firming or hydrating mask. The mask will help either force product used during the facial into the skin or in the case of an oily skin, draw the oil out.
I hope you found this list of facial treatment steps valuable before your next facial appointment. If you have any questions about facials or other skin treatments, I invite you to contact us at the clinic. It will be our pleasure to answer your questions.