Rosacea basics: what is it?
Rosacea is a common skin disorder involving inflammation of small vessels on the face. The condition appears most prevalent on the nose, cheeks, progressing to the chin and forehead. Men and women of all ages are at risk of developing rosacea, but fair-skinned adults are more prone to developing rosacea. There are three stages of the disorder, which generally worsens with age.
Three stages of rosacea
- Flushing, or redness which can last for hours or days
- Tiny blood vessels become visible (also known as telangectasia)
- Sensitivity to products/cosmetics may develop
- Redness becomes more prominent and persistent
- Skin eruptions (papules/pustules) appear
- A seborrhoea condition (oil under the skins surface and a dry coating of dead skin cells form on the surface) may become more evident
- Rhinophyma – large nodules appearing on nose and cheeks
- Burning or gritty feeling in the eyes
- Redness of eyelids, eyelashes falling out, small bumps, scales or crusts on the eyelids
Rosacea basics: what to do and to avoid
What to do
- Protect your face from wind and cold. Cover your face with a soft scarf avoiding wool or any other rough texture.
- Keep a food journal to learn which foods trigger your rosacea. (e.g. spicy food, alcohol etc.)
- Be very cautious when using hairspray. When using hairspray do not let it get on the skin.
- Keep your skincare routine simple, and avoid any harsh or irritating products.
- Apply sun protection every day. Use a broad spectrum SPF of at least 30. Look for sunscreens that contain zinc oxide or titanium dioxide, they are less irritating.
- Make an appointment to see a dermatologist at the first signs of rosacea because if it is treated early it can be managed.
What to avoid
- Spicy foods, caffeine and alcohol. These things effect capillary dilation and may aggravate the condition.
- Heavy scrubbing or rubbing of the skin that can lead to further irritation.
- Extreme temperature changes, excess heat and cold.
- Harsh and heavily chemically fragrance costmetics.
- Heavy creams that clog the pores, enhancing blackheads, papules and pustules.
I hope this article was able to shed some light on the rosacea.